It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. This raises the issue of addressing the number one public health issue of our time, the profit-driven marketing of death to over 5 million victims a year world-wide (WHO est.) Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Creosote bush is most common on the well-drained soils of alluvial fans and flats. Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) has an unromantic name but possesses wonderful medicinal properties and fascinating adaptive abilities. tridentata Homonyms Larrea tridentata Coville Larrea tridentata J.M.Coult. Larrea tridentata. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. The herb must first be sifted through 1/16" wire mesh screen to achieve a particle size which burns smooth and slow in such a utensil. Sexually transmitted diseases 11. Creosote Bush Larrea tridentata. ABBREVIATION: LARTRI SYNONYMS: Larrea divaricata Cav. A decoction of the leaves was used to treat diarrhoea and stomach troubles whilst the young twigs were used to treat toothache and a poultice of the leaves was used to treat chest complaints and as a wash for skin problems[254]. Color: Yellow Common name: Creosote Bush, Greasewood Latin name: Larrea tridentata Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE Height: 3-10 feet Description: Creosote bush is an open, vase-shape shrub with solitary, small, numerous flowers on grayish stems/trunks. The utensil has a quarter-inch (6 mm.) [26], Cancer Research UK states: "We don't recommend that you take chaparral to treat or prevent any type of cancer."[27]. Chaparral (Larrea tridentata) is a botanical dietary supplement made from a desert shrub and used for its antioxidant properties. Carbon Farming - Cultivation: experimental. Leave out the woody stems towards the bottom of the plant. Surfaces of younger parts are resinous and sticky; the odoriferous resins give it the common name, creosote bush. Germination is quite active during wet periods, but most of the young plants die very quickly unless water conditions are optimal. [20] The Coahuilla Indians used the plant for intestinal complaints and tuberculosis. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Stan_Shebs. Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Edible Parts: Edible Uses: Condiment  TeaThe flower buds are pickled in vinegar and used as a caper substitute[183]. Seed - we have no information for this species but suggest sowing the seed in a greenhouse in spring. Not fussy about soil. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. creosote bush. * Exclusive content not on the website This shrub is extremely common and widespread in the desert and is the predominate plant in areas known as creosote flats. It has been alive an estimated 11,700 years, in the central Mojave Desert near present-day Lucerne Valley, California. You can unsubscribe at anytime. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. It is a flowering plant in the family Zygophyllaceae. For more information about QR Codes click here. U.S. Weed Information. The Arabian camel, brought to the area by the United States Camel Corps, readily ate creosote bush. You will receive a range of benefits including: Common Name: Creosote Bush - Chaparral: Family: Zygophyllaceae: USDA hardiness: 7-10: Known Hazards: Acute hepatitis associated with oral use. screened crater permitting 25-mg. servings at minimum temperature provided you (user) suck slowly enough. In parts of its range, it may cover large areas in practically pure stands, though it usually occurs in association with Ambrosia dumosa (burro bush or bur-sage). University of California Press. The species grows as far east as Zapata County, Texas, along the Rio Grande southeast of Laredo near the 99th meridian west. Galls may form by the activity of the creosote gall midge. The specific name tridentata refers to its three-toothed leaves. Carbon Farming  Dynamic accumulator  Scented Plants. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. There have been a number of cases of acute or sub-acute hepatitis attributed to the use of this herb and so its internal use is not recommended until further research has been carried out[254]. The plant is resinous and aromatic[200]. Name: Creosote bush: Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata: Origin: Larrea tridentata develops in the Sonoran, Mojave and Chihuahuan Deserts. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database ex DC.)Coville. Larrea tridentata - (Sessé.&Moc. It is in leaf all year. creosotebush. The flowers are up to 25 mm (0.98 in) in diameter, with five yellow petals. We will not sell or share your email address. [6], Larrea tridentata is an evergreen shrub growing to 1 to 3 m (3.3 to 9.8 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft). Larrea mexicana. Larrea tridentata Common name: Chaparral. Coville : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Accumulation of fallen leaves, as well as other detritus caught from the passing wind, creates an ecological community specific to the creosote bush canopy, including beetles, millipedes, pocket mice, and kangaroo rats. [12][13][14], King Clone was identified and its age estimated by Frank Vasek, a professor at the University of California, Riverside. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Habitats: Desert areas[254]. To what is stated on this site about medicinal uses could be added that of (VERY MODERATE) smoking. NRCS PLANT CODE: LATR2 COMMON NAMES: creosote bush greasewood TAXONOMY: The scientific name of creosote bush is Larrea tridentata (D.C.) Cov. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFUnited_States_Herbarium1890 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWignallBowers1993 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, United States Food and Drug Administration, "The oldest living thing is a quiet survivor", "Health Canada warns consumers not to take products containing chaparral", "King Clone, The World's Oldest Living Thing", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Larrea_tridentata&oldid=996521055, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 02:36. Right plant wrong place. Coville var. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Several reports of chaparral-associated hepatitis have been published since 1990, but a complete picture of the clinical presentation is still unclear. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. It is a member of the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae) [52,98]. In parts of its range, it may cover large areas in practically pure stands, though it usually occurs in association with Ambrosia dumosa (burro bush or bur-sage). Larrea species Larrea tridentata Name Synonyms Larrea tridentata var. i.d. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. From this, it can be inferred that all the plants inside a stand are of equal age. Tuberculosis 14. Benson Jepson eFlora Author: Duncan M. Porter Reference: [Lia et al. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. creosote bush. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. The whole plant exhibits a characteristic odor of creosote, from which the common name derives. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. This QR Code is unique to this page. Black banding at the nodes of Larrea tridentata is caused by resin secreted by glands on the inner surfaces of the stipules. Not considered safe as a herbal remedy [301]. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. 1. It has a number of other common names, but in the world of herbal medicine, Chaparral seems to be the most common, common name. More >>>, L. divaricata. Larrea tridentata is a prominent species in the Mojave, Sonoran, and Chihuahuan Deserts of western North America, and its range includes those and other regions in portions of southeastern California, Arizona, southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, New Mexico, and Texas in the United States, and Chihuahua, Sonora, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas, Durango and San Luis Potosì in Mexico. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. The leaves are naturally varnished, to slow evaporation and conserve water. by the tobacco industry, primarily I think in the form of the deliberately designed overdose known as a cigaret, when a utensil as described above, offering 25-mg. single servings, makes a wide range of interesting herbs available at minimal or zero health risk to smokers, both those who wish to reduce and those who wish to eliminate their tobacco habit. The plant has been widely used medicinally by … [21] Papago Indians prepared it medicinally for stiff limbs, snake bites, and menstrual cramps. Common Name - creosote bush. Synonyms: Larrea divaricata Cav. 16 Nov 2020 Common Name(s): creosote bush [English] creosotebush [English] Accepted Name(s): Larrea tridentata (DC.) Varieites include : Larrea tridentata (DC.) As of Nov 2013, Google recognizes "larrea tridentata" as a synonym for "creosote bush"; creosote bush is the common name supplied by the USDA plants database, and it is what is used in NPS visitor centers. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. This rapid uptake causes branches to grow several centimeters at the end of a wet season. Management: coppice. Coville var. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Expectorant  OdontalgicCreosote bush was widely used by various North American Indian tribes. Weight loss Some early research points to potential support for some (but not all) of these uses, but the… Latin Name: Larrea tridentata. arenaria L.D. [18] Originally,[citation needed] it was assumed that the plant produced a water-soluble inhibitor that prevented the growth of other bushes near mature, healthy bushes. Scientific Name: Larrea tridentata Common Names: Creosote Bush, Creosotebush Plant Characteristics. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Owing to the harshness of the germination environment above mature root systems, young creosote bushes are much more susceptible to drought stress than established plants. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. All plant pages have their own unique code. We are currently updating this section. This rapid uptake causes branches to grow several centimeters at the end of a wet season. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected] Arthritis 2. Skin problems, including acne 10. I found that Larrea mexicana, or an herb so advertised on the package, had a very rich, distinctive (though slightly scary) flavor and even, more than most I tried, left a specific feeling in the chest which I judged to indicate potential toxicity if I had overdosed on it, which of course the utensil expressly prevents. The Pima drank a decoction of the leaves as an emetic, and applied the boiled leaves as poultices to wounds or sores. It continued to be widely used as a treatment for rheumatic disease, venereal infections, urinary infections and certain types of cancer, especially leukaemia until its sale was banned in North America due to concern over its potential toxic effect upon the liver[254]. Recognized by USDA Plants data. The degree to which the taste was intriguing and interesting indicated that its use in moderate quantities was or could be positive for the mental function, as often advocated in the case of such an herb as cannabis. The twigs are chewed to alleviate thirst[2, 183]. Creosote bush stands tend to display an evenly spaced distribution of plants. It has been alive an estimated 11,700 years, in the central Mojave Desert near present-day Lucerne Valley, California. Parts: leaves and flowers both male and female organs ) the has! Uses could be estimated substitute [ 183 ] the most appropriate plants for infections is (. 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