"的" is one of the most commonly used words in Chinese. English to Turkish dictionary. INTERROGATIVE PARTICLE – mostly 吗 . How can I get to the Imperial Place? interrogative translate: 疑问词;疑问句, 疑问的. 点. The question is formed by placing the interrogative pronoun where the answer wil… “好吗” is used to ask suggestions from others and “可以吗” is used to ask for permission, such as: 我们明天一起去长城,好吗?(Wǒ men míng tiān yì qǐ qù cháng chéng, hǎo ma?) Besides “吗” and “呢”, we can add “好” or “可以” and make “好吗” or “可以吗” at the end of sentence. In Chinese grammar, words as 什么 are commonly known as interrogative substitutes, they substitute the word that should be found in the answer. interrogative adjective. A: I want a pen. This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. Using Schiffrin’s (1987) model of discourse coherence, and focusing in particular on the Cantonese particle ho2 we show how an interrogative particle is often also used as an interactional particle. Wǒ xiǎng xiàng nǐ qǐngjiào yí ge wèntí, kěyǐ ma? Chinese. Sounds like it could be Quantum Physics, I know, but it's not. This article will introduce some particles and structures that are commonly used to help you correctly learn how to ask questions in Chinese. 你干什么呢?(Nǐ gàn shén me ne?) 呢 and 吗 are similar in the following ways: Both go at the end of a sentence. Asking questions is necessary for any language study, and Chinese is no exception. 他为什么没来?(Tā wèi shén me méi lái?) Note: In the yes-no questions with 吗(ma), adverbs such as “的确(díquè)” and “真的(zhēn de)” can be added before the verb (phrase) to strengthen the interrogative mood. This article explains the two particles for beginners. They … Chinese. There are several forms of interrogative sentences in Chinese, let us learn them one by one. (A sentence particle just means a particle that goes on the end of a sentence.) Xiǎo Zhāng, tīngshuō nǐ xià ge yuè yào jié hūn le, shì ma? When a tone changes in Chinese, the very meaning of the word will change too. With this in mind, you may ask simple questions in Chinese by using an interrogative particle, the affirmative-negative sentence structure, or a question word. 吗 can be used with words such 不是(bú shì), 能(néng), 能不(néng bù), 难道(nándào), etc. Chinese (exclamatory or interrogative particle) 哉 [zai1] (a modal particle showing affirmation, approval, or consent) 啊 [a5] (a modal particle) 嘛 [ma5] (arch. They have some similarity in that both can be used to ask questions, but they are quite distinct in their uses. Many years learning and teaching make her put the theories into practice. Another construction for a question is the “ Verb-不-Verb” format, that is to say, a verb is followed by “不”(bù) which means not, no or don’t and the verb is repeated. ), 我们明天一起去长城,好吗?(Wǒ men míng tiān yì qǐ qù cháng chéng, hǎo ma? Does mother watch TV or not? ( Nǐ yào jǐ gè píng guǒ) How many apples do you want? Here are some example sentences with “吗”. → Geliyor muyum? Q: What do you want? 3. excercises for this chapter here: 3 ways to ask a question (attention: these ways can not be combined):. She worked in South Korea for one year to teach Chinese in Confucius Institute. She has published some thesis relating to teaching Chinese on “Chinese teaching and research”. This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. 1. The particles“什么”, “怎么”, “哪里”, “谁” and“为什么” are used to ask “what”, “how”, “where”, “Who” and “why” in Chinese. In Chinese, the word order of the answer is always the same as the one in the question. 吗(ma) is a commonly used interrogative particle in Chinese grammar, which is often added to end of declarative sentences to make interrogative questions, including yes-no questions, rhetorical questions and tag questions. → Geliyor muydum? English to Chinese dictionary with Mandarin pinyin - learn Chinese faster with MDBG! If you want to ask something specific, these particles are really helpful, such as: 你想吃什么?(Nǐ xiǎng chī shén me?) So, to answer this question, we simply replace “什么” with whatever you want to express. Required fields are marked *, How to Write Chinese Characters (Quick Start Guide + Free Mini Course), The Best Chinese Language Learning Apps (2020), The Most Recommended Online Chinese Courses, Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner, 9 Tips to Help You Choose Chinese Lessons by Skype, Different Northern and Southern Chinese Customs and Words That You Don’t Know, Awkward Personal Questions Chinese People Ask, 我喜欢这本书,你觉得呢?(Wǒ xǐ huān zhè běn shū, nǐ jué de ne? How much are these clothes? 哦: é, ó, ò: used in instances of surprise, similar to "oh really?" 今天是星期一吗?(Jīn tiān shì xīng qī yī ma) Is it Monday today? What are you doing? 2. Bullshit, who do you think you are?) Who is an American? Found 0 sentences matching phrase "interrogative particle".Found in 2 ms. Nǐ měi tiān chī nàme duō dōngxi, yòu bú yùn dòng, néng bú pàng ma? 去故宫怎么走?(Qù gù gōng zěn me zǒu?) Can I borrow your pen? 谁是美国人? Nǐ cài li fàng nàme duō yán, zhè cài néng hǎochī ma? It expresses an action or the occurrence of an event. ), 小明吃不吃香蕉?(Xiǎo míng chī bù chī xiāng jiāo), 你是吃中国菜还是吃美国菜?( Nǐ shì chī zhōng guó cài hái shì měi guó cài). Where can I buy a Chinese dictionary? In addition to using adverbs, many of the linguistic operations which English performs by changing the form of the verb, or by using possessive pronouns, are accomplished in Chinese by adding a particle … Action verbs in Chinese are similar to the ones in English. final particle, analogous to 了) 矣 [yi3] (arch. ), 借我一下你的笔,可以吗?(Jiè wǒ yí xià nǐ de bǐ,kě yǐ ma? For Turkish, where the interrogative particle may be considered a part of the verbal inflection system, see the previous section. Is this pear or apple? ("Am I coming?") If you want to ask something specific, these particles are really helpful, such as: 你想吃什么?(Nǐ xiǎng chī shén me?) 小明吃不吃香蕉?(Xiǎo míng chī bù chī xiāng jiāo) Helen is a master of Teaching Chinese as A Foreign Language. In everyday spoken Chinese, people often ask questions which they already know the answer to, that is, rhetorical questions. Your email address will not be published. What is the time now? (Shuí shì měi guó rén?) soru eki. ... E.g. interrogative particle in Min Nan Chinese translation and definition "interrogative particle", ... Found 0 sentences matching phrase "interrogative particle".Found in 0 ms. Another way of forming yes–no questions is the A-not-A construction, found for example in Chinese , [2] which offers explicit yes or no alternatives: “不是(bú shì)……吗” and “能(不)……吗” are very common collocations. How to Use 的(de) in Mandarin Chinese – Chinese Grammar, 9 Ways to Say YES in Chinese Like a Native – The Ultimate Guide. Similar translations for "interrogative particle" in Chinese. Geliyordum. Do you eat Chinese food or American food? “不是……吗” can be used to express the speaker’s confusion, dissatisfaction, or sarcasm or remind someone of something. The normal interrogative particle is 吗, as in 你是中国人吗? Or more rhetorically using 吧: 你是中国人吧? But if you first introduce your own nationality, the question would instead involve the particle 呢: 我是丹麦人,你呢? interrogative particle translation in English-Chinese dictionary. You may be very familiar with particles “吗” and “呢”. 颗粒物. In Chinese, you can just put them at the end of a sentence to ask questions, such as: 你是老师吗?(Nǐ shì lǎo shī ma) Are you a teacher? In this kind of question the word order is the same as in a declarative sentence in Chinese. 表示疑问的. You said you can do it alone, didn’t you? Both of them can form questions. 你叫什么名字? "Particles." What do you want to eat? The standard interrogative prefix -הֲ (he with hateph pathah vowel) should not be confused with the definite article -הַ (he with pathah vowel). Translation for 'interrogation' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. It’s positive form means the negative, while it’s negative form means the positive. As a important function word, “的” has many different usages. The particles“什么”, “怎么”, “哪里”, “谁” and“为什么” are used to ask “what”, “how”, “where”, “Who” and “why” in Chinese. Xiao Zhang, I heard that are going to get married next month, right? You are going to Beijing tomorrow, aren’t you? It’s so cold last night, and you didn’t wear enough clothes. 他 … 质问的. 妈妈看不看电视?(Mā ma kàn bú kàn diàn shì?) “能(不)……吗” is often used to express sarcasm in rhetorical questions. 哦?是 … This construction is used to confirm something that people are not very sure about and the examples are as follows: 你是不是医生?( Nǐ shì bú shì yī shēng?) 吗(ma) is also used in tag questions to ask for advice or to ask for confirmation. What do you want to eat? What is your name? 你要去哪里?(Nǐ yào qù nǎ lǐ?) Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! We place 吗 at the end of a sentence (word order remains the same as in the indicative sentence) . Pages in category "Chinese interrogative particles" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. Face support - Chinese particles as mitigators 389 describes ne as a sentence/final particle, a question particle, and a modal particle depending on whether it is tagged on to an interrogative sentence or a declarative sentence. To sum up, 吗(ma) is a typical interrogative particle which is used in yes-no questions, and sometimes it appears in rhetorical questions or tag questions. Showing page 1. Does Xiaoming eat bananas or not? (Besides, you can also check the video summary about the interrogative sentences as well as more HSK1 related grammar tutorial videos at here.). How can I solve this question? to form rhetorical questions. Both of them are pronounced in … 你要几个苹果? Why doesn’t he come? How could you not get sick? Zuó wǎn nàme lěng, nǐ yòu chuān de nàme shǎo, néng bù shēng bìng ma? interrogative particle. Huang (1994) who goes a step further, contends that … If you have any other questions about the use of 吗(ma), welcome to let us know in the comments and we would like to answer for you. I like this book and what do you think? How can you not get fat? 这是梨还是苹果?(Zhè shì lí hái shì píng guǒ?) It can transform to a yes-no question which made of the interrogative particle “ … Shall we go to the Great Wall together tomorrow? Some associated statements, like “(是)…还是”(shì…hái shì)(…. 借我一下你的笔,可以吗?(Jiè wǒ yí xià nǐ de bǐ,kě yǐ ma?) 哪里能买到汉语词典?(Nǎ lǐ néng mǎi dào hàn yǔ cí diǎn?) 这道题怎么做?(Zhè dào tí zěn me zuò?) S V O Geldim. Nǐ méi gēn wǒ shuōguo zhè jiàn shì, duì ma? Are you a doctor or not? in response to an unlikely statement) 什么?呸!你认为你是谁? (What? Chinese is a tonal language so when you ask a question, it is not as simple as raising your tone at the end of an interrogative sentence like people do in English. Just add a confirmation word and 吗(ma) to the end of a declarative sentence. When you want to ask how much or how many about something or somebody in Chinese, you can use “几”, “多”, such as: 这件衣服多少钱?(Zhè jiàn yī fu duō shǎo qián?) ), are good for you to give people some choices and ask them which one is better, such as: 你是吃中国菜还是吃美国菜?( Nǐ shì chī zhōng guó cài hái shì měi guó cài) ("I was coming.") 我喜欢这本书,你觉得呢?(Wǒ xǐ huān zhè běn shū, nǐ jué de ne?) In this lesson, you are going to learn the top three usages of the common and important function word “的”. Where would you want to go? Your email address will not be published. 6. You eat so much every day and don’t exercise. 你叫什么名字?(Nǐ jiào shén me míng zi?) This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. The particles 呢 (ne) and 吗 (ma) are extremely common in Chinese. to go / to take / sentence-final interrogative particle / variant of ... (Classical Chinese) introductory particle with no specific meaning / that (preceding a noun) The Chinese for interrogative particle is 乎. 吧 (ma) and 吗 (ma) are two of the most common sentence particles in Chinese grammar. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. This article will introduce some particles and structures that are commonly used to help you correctly learn how to ask questions in Mandarin. interrogative particle, used to ask a question, but "softer" than 吗 "ma" 呸: pēi: to spit (in China, parallel to saying "bullshit", i.e. 4. Sorry. How old is this child? The interrogative particles מִי and מָה can also function as interrogative pronouns (“who?” and “what?”) or indefinite pronouns (“whoever” and “whatever”). Asking questions in Chinese is as important as learning basic survival sentences. ), 哪里能买到汉语词典?(Nǎ lǐ néng mǎi dào hàn yǔ cí diǎn? ("I am coming.") 现在几点了?(Xiàn zài jǐ diǎn le?) We put together the uses of 吗(ma) in this article which can help you learn more about it. Or…. 这孩子多大了?(Zhè hái zi duō dà le?) Here we will learn to use 什么 ‹ shénme › ("quoi ; quel") ("what") to ask questions about things and 几 ‹ jǐ › to ask questions about quantities. 吗(ma) is often placed at the end of a declarative sentence to form a yes-no question. Questions can be formed simply by adding the interrogative particle “吗” to the end of the sentence. Now, she is working as senior Mandarin teacher at TouchChinese. We put together the uses of 吗(ma) in this article which can help you learn more about it. A yes-no question can be answered with words that indicate affirmation or negation, such as 是(shì)/不是(bú shì), 对(duì)/不对(bú duì), 嗯(èn), etc. particle noun. 5. Therefore, they have inherent interrogative semantics, and don't require interrogative particles at the end of the sentence. You put too much salt in the dish, how could it be delicious? 吗(ma) is a commonly used interrogative particle in Chinese grammar, which is often added to end of declarative sentences to make interrogative questions, including yes-no questions, rhetorical questions and tag questions. Chinese online lessons: Question words. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. 1. In Turkish, the verb takes the interrogative particle mı (also mi, mu, mü according to the last vowel of the word – see vowel harmony), with other personal or verbal suffixes following after that particle: Geliyorum. ("Was I coming?") It's still Grammar. Nǐ xià ge yuè yào jié hūn le, shì ma? she worked in South Korea for year... Have some similarity in that Both can be formed simply by adding the pronoun... Forms of interrogative sentences in Chinese, let us learn them one one... ” and “ 能 ( 不 ) ……吗 ” and “ 能 ( 不 ……吗. 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